Many photographers nowadays need to equip themselves with cameras that are able to produce videos of excellent quality as well. The reasons behind this need can be many: the integration of static and moving images is in fact spreading in various fields, both professional and amateur.
As a result, for some time now, more and more models of cameras have been appearing on the market capable of perfectly fulfilling both tasks and many companies have adapted their production to this new trend. But this is precisely where the problem arises: choosing, faced with such a wide range of possibilities, without competent and disinterested advice, is really a difficult task!
This is why I wanted to prepare for you a guide on the Best Cameras For Photojournalism: I know that you too, like many others, are strongly undecided on what to do and need help not to make rash decisions that would lead you, in the worst case scenario, to buy a model that is unsatisfactory from all points of view. So what are you waiting for? Get comfortable and start reading my article. You will see that interest will grow from paragraph to paragraph and, in the end, you will be more than ready to find the right product for you.
Type of camera
Let’s start with a first essential distinction concerning the type of camera. In fact, you can choose between a Reflex or a Mirrorless. But what are the differences?
- Reflex . this typology is characterized by the implementation of a complex system of mirrors that allows to reflect the stabilized image on the viewfinder. Precisely the presence of different elements inside the camera body makes it heavier and bulky , since it should not be underestimated, especially in anticipation of long shooting sessions.
- Mirrorless . As the name suggests, this type differs in the absence of the mirror and consequently the classic optical viewfinder, which has been replaced by an additional electronic screen. Mirrorless cameras are gaining ground thanks to the constant technological advancement that now allows you to obtain top-level performance in the photographic field and even better than the Reflex in the video field . On the other hand, to work they have an important demand for resources and the battery life often cannot withstand long sessions. Furthermore, even the availability of additional optics is not yet at the same level as the Reflex which, in this respect, are currently unmatched.
Best Cameras For Photojournalism | Comparison Table 2022
Top Quality | 5-Star Picks | Great Prices
|Canon EOS R5 Full-Frame Mirrorless Camera - 8K Video, 45 Megapixel Full-Frame CMOS Sensor, DIGIC X Image Processor, Up to 12 fps Mechanical Shutter (Body Only)||Canon||Check Price|
|Nikon D5 DSLR 20.8 MP Point & Shoot Digital Camera, Dual XQD Slots - Black||Nikon||Check Price|
|Pentax K-1 Mark II Full Frame 36MP Weather Resistant DSLR with 3.2" TFT LCD, Black||Pentax||Check Price|
|Canon EOS 5D Mark IV Full Frame Digital SLR Camera Body||Canon||Check Price|
|Nikon D850 FX-Format Digital SLR Camera Body||Nikon||Check Price|
|Leica M10 Monochrom Digital Rangefinder Camera Body 20050||Leica||Check Price|
|Canon EOS R6 Full-Frame Mirrorless Camera with 4K Video, Full-Frame CMOS Senor, DIGIC X Image Processor, Dual UHS-II SD Memory Card Slots, and Up to 12 fps with Mechnical Shutter, Body Only, Black||Canon||Check Price|
|Fujifilm X-T4 Mirrorless Camera Body - Black||Fujifilm||Check Price|
|Sony a9 II Mirrorless Camera: 24.2MP Full Frame Mirrorless Interchangeable Lens Digital Camera with Continuous AF/AE, 4K Video and Built-in Connectivity - Sony Alpha ILCE9M2/B Body - Black||Sony||Check Price|
Best Cameras For Photojournalism | 2022 Products Overview
Things To Consider Before Buying Camera For Photojournalism
Camera sensors can be divided into three categories that qualify their size: Micro 4/3, APSC and Full Frame. The larger the sensor, the more the camera is able to take in light, an essential element to better define images.
- Micro 4/3 . It is a specific format with dimensions 17.3mm x 13mm. They are present in cameras with reduced weight and dimensions, but allow you to adapt different types of lenses, including vintage ones, to improve their quality.
- APS . Many SLRs are equipped with these sensors, which can be of various sizes, from about 14mm x 21mm to 16mm x 24mm in the APSC format, up to 28.7mm x 19.1mm in the APSH format.
- Full Frame . They are also often referred to as 35mm , as the sensor is the same size as the standard film format. Sensors this large are very expensive to make and affect the final price of the camera. They are in fact present only in the most professional models.
Another parameter to consider with particular attention is the ISO sensitivity, which indicates the amount of light that the sensor is able to absorb in a certain time. Higher values determine a greater ability to collect light, for the same time. Remaining on the subject of light, which is crucial for making high-quality photographs and videos, it is worth considering another factor, namely the aperture. This is indicated with an F and the relative value next to it: consider that the lower this number is, the larger the aperture, and therefore it is able to penetrate more brightness, giving the images more sharpness and detail.
The resolution of a digital camera is expressed in pixels, small dots organized horizontally and vertically that make up images. The more pixels a camera sensor is capable of producing, the more detail the shot will be. However, for videos the situation is different. In fact, a movie can normally reach a maximum resolution of 4K in a camera, corresponding to 4096 x 2160 pixels, or just 8 megapixels.
Basically we should not look too much at this value with regard to the creation of videos, quite the contrary. Also remember that the processing of 4K movies requires high resources both in the processing phase, with computers equipped with very powerful processors and video cards, and in the display one (you must have a 4K TV, which can therefore guarantee the same standard) . Another format that many high-level cameras can guarantee is the more common Full HD (1920 X 1080 pixels), which still allows you to obtain very high quality movies.
In videos, the framerate is also important , that is the number of frames per second ( fps ) of the movie itself: as can be easily understood, the more fps there are, the more fluid and natural the video is. It should also be said that to save high quality and high fps videos you need to use high performance memory cards .
During your search for the best video cameras you will often come across various definitions of Autofocus technology (abbreviated to AF ). This is a particular automatism applied to optical systems that allows you to automatically obtain and maintain focus on the subject of the shot or shot. The speed with which the camera is able to achieve focus is critical for a photographer, even with continuous shooting. For this you will be able to find values that identify single autofocus ( AF-S ) and continuous autofocus ( AF-C ), which becomes particularly important in the presence of dynamic and lively scenes.
The AF in turn can be divided into active and passive . The active one is based on the emission of infrared or ultrasound rays that reach the subject and come back: with this system the camera is able to calculate its distance and adapt to the situation for focusing. The passive system can instead be present in two modes: contrast detection , when the camera adjusts the focus until it is able to identify the image with maximum contrast, or phase detection . The latter technology is much more advanced and precise, but requires additional components in the camera, with sensors dedicated to focusing.
It is also important to consider the number of autofocus points that the camera makes available, as well as the percentage of the frame they occupy. Mirrorless cameras excel in this, allowing greater coverage of the frame with the focus of even more peripheral areas of the scene.
During filming, especially in high definition, the natural hand shake is amplified by the device, causing significant disturbance to the video quality. For this reason it is important to verify that the camera is equipped with a particular stabilization system with 3 or more axes , able to counterbalance the effects and make the result sharper and more linear.
This element is even more important when you are engaged with video shooting. The best thing to do is to focus on a model with a removable and adjustable screen , possibly backlit , in order to facilitate real-time viewing of the scene even in direct light conditions.
The quality of the integrated microphone or the possibility of inserting an external one through special inputs are to be carefully considered if you do not want to underestimate the importance of audio rendering in a movie.
An eye to the materials with which the camera was produced is essential, especially if you intend to use it even in difficult environmental situations, where the resistance to dust and water resistance of the camera body can make the difference.
Consider that video shooting requires more resources, so I advise you to prefer a camera equipped with a battery that can guarantee good autonomy , especially if you are oriented towards a
Mirrorless, which by conformation requires a supplement of energy compared to the Reflex.
Nowadays, having as many connectivity options available as possible has become essential for reasons of practicality and greater compatibility with various types of external devices. Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, but also a good supply of HDMI inputs and outputs, USB are elements to always take into great consideration.
Best Cameras For Photojournalism | Infographics
Best Cameras For Photojournalism | Video Explanation
Hope this article might help you to get the product of your desire. Here I have mentioned different types of camera lenses, and also the important factors that should keep in mind before buying Good shooting!